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Global Distribution and Radiative Forcing of Soil Dust Aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by the Aerosol Climate Model : Volume 8, Issue 6 (09/12/2008)

By Takemura, T.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003978117
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 38
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Global Distribution and Radiative Forcing of Soil Dust Aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by the Aerosol Climate Model : Volume 8, Issue 6 (09/12/2008)  
Author: Takemura, T.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 6
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2008
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

Citation

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Matsuzawa, K., Egashira, M., Abe-Ouchi, A., Ichijo, H., O'ishi, R., & Takemura, T. (2008). Global Distribution and Radiative Forcing of Soil Dust Aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by the Aerosol Climate Model : Volume 8, Issue 6 (09/12/2008). Retrieved from http://www.nationalpubliclibrary.info/


Description
Description: Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. The integrated simulation for the global distribution and radiative forcing of soil dust aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) is done by an aerosol climate model, SPRINTARS, in this study. It is compared with another simulation in the present climate condition. The global total emission flux of soil dust aerosols in the LGM is simulated to be about 2.4 times as large as that in the present climate, and the simulated deposition flux is in general agreement with estimations from ice core and marine sediment samplings though it might be underestimated over the Antarctic. The calculated direct radiative forcing of soil dust aerosols in the LGM is close to zero at the tropopause and −0.4 W m−2 at the surface, which are about twice as large as those in the present climate. SPRINTARS also includes the microphysical parameterizations of the cloud-aerosol interaction both for liquid water and ice crystals, which affect the radiation budget. The positive radiative forcing of the indirect effect due to soil dust aerosols, that is mainly caused by a role of ice nuclei, is simulated to be smaller in the LGM than in the present. It is suggested that atmospheric dust might contribute to the cold climate during the glacial periods both through the direct and indirect effects, relative to the interglacial periods.

Summary
Global distribution and radiative forcing of soil dust aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum simulated by the aerosol climate model

Excerpt
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