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Chirality and Origin of Atmospheric Humic-like Substances : Volume 9, Issue 5 (24/09/2009)

By Salma, I.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003976777
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 28
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Chirality and Origin of Atmospheric Humic-like Substances : Volume 9, Issue 5 (24/09/2009)  
Author: Salma, I.
Volume: Vol. 9, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Historic
Publication Date:
2009
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications

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Maenhaut, W., Vass, E., Mészáros, T., Majer, Z., & Salma, I. (2009). Chirality and Origin of Atmospheric Humic-like Substances : Volume 9, Issue 5 (24/09/2009). Retrieved from http://www.nationalpubliclibrary.info/


Description
Description: Eötvös University, Institute of Chemistry, Budapest, Hungary. Aerosol water extracts and atmospheric humic-like substances (HULIS) obtained from PM2.5-fraction aerosol samples collected in a rural/continental background environment and in an urban environment in spring and summer, and at a tropical site that was heavily impacted by biomass burning were studied. Mean organic matter-to-organic carbon mass conversion factor and standard deviation of 2.04±0.06 were derived for HULIS from biomass burning. Mean atmospheric concentrations of HULIS for the rural and urban environments, and for the biomass burning during daylight periods and nights were 1.65, 2.2, 43, and 60 Μg m, respectively. This indicates that intense emission sources and/or formation mechanisms of HULIS operate in biomass burning. Mean contributions of C in HULIS (HULIS-C) to water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) were 35, 48, 63, and 76%, respectively, for the sample set listed. The data suggest that HULIS-C is the major component of the WSOC in tropical biomass burning, and that HULIS most likely do not share common origin in the three environments studied. Differentiation among the possible formation processes was attempted by investigating the optical activity of HULIS through their (electronic and vibrational) circular dichroism properties. The urban HULIS did not show optical activity, which is in line with the concept of their major airborne formation from anthropogenic aromatics. The rural HULIS revealed weak optical activity, which may be associated with one of their important formation pathways by photo-oxidation and oligomerisation, i.e., with the formation from chiral biogenic precursors with one of the enantiomers slightly enriched. The biomass burning HULIS exhibited strong effect in the vibrational circular dichroism as a clear distinction from the other two types. This was related to the contribution of the thermal degradation products of lignins and cellulose. The biomass burning HULIS resemble Suwannee River Fulvic Acid standard more closely in some aspects than the urban and rural types of HULIS, which may be related to their common origin from plant material.

Summary
Chirality and origin of atmospheric humic-like substances

Excerpt
Asa-Awuku, A., Sullivan, A. P., Hennigan, C. J., Weber, R. J., and Nenes, A.: Investigation of molar volume and surfactant characteristics of water-soluble organic compounds in biomass burning aerosol, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 799–812, 2008.; Baltensperger, U., Kalberer, M., Dommen, J., Paulsen, D., Alfarra, M. R., Coe, H., Fisseha, R., Gascho, A., Gysel, M., Nyeki, S., Sax, M., Steinbacher, M., Prevot, A. S. H., Sjögren, S., Weingartner, E., and Zenobi, R.: Secondary organic aerosols from anthropogenic and biogenic precursors, Faraday Discuss., 130, 265–278, 2005.; Blazsó, M., Janitsek, S., Gelencsér, A., Artaxo, P., Graham, B., and Andreae, M. O.: Study of tropical organic aerosol by thermally assisted alkylation-gas chromatography mass spectrometry, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol., 68–69, 351–369, 2003.; Claeys, M., Graham, B., Vas, G., Wang, W., Vermeylen, R., Pashynska, V., Cafmeyer, J., Guyon, P., Andreae, M. O., Artaxo, P., and Maenhaut, W.: Formation of secondary organic aerosols through photooxidation of isoprene, Science, 303, 1173–1176, 2004a.; Claeys, M., Wang, W., Ion, A. C., Kourtchev, I., Gelencsér, A., and Maenhaut, W.: Formation of secondary organic aerosols from isoprene and its gas-phase oxidation products through reaction with hydrogen peroxide, Atmos. Environ., 38, 4093–4098, 2004b.; Decesari, S., Facchini, M. C., Fuzzi, S., and Tagliavini, E.: Characterisation of water-soluble organic compounds in atmospheric aerosol: a new approach, J. Geophys. Res., D105, 1481–1489, 2000.; Decesari, S., Facchini, M. C., Matta, E., Mircea, M., Fuzzi, S., Chughtai, A. R., and Smith, D. M.: Water soluble organic compounds formed by oxidation of soot, Atmos. Environ., 36, 1827–1832, 2002.; Decesari, S., Fuzzi, S., Facchini, M. C., Mircea, M., Emblico, L., Cavalli, F., Maenhaut, W., Chi, X., Schkolnik, G., Falkovich, A., Rudich, Y., Claeys, M., Pashynska, V., Vas, G., Kourtchev, I., Vermeylen, R., Hoffer, A., Andreae, M. O., Tagliavini, E., Moretti, F., and Artaxo, P.: Characterization of the organic composition of aerosols from Rondônia, Brazil, during the LBA-SMOCC 2002 experiment and its representation through model compounds, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 375–402, 2006.; Dinar, E., Taraniuk, I., Graber, E. R., Katsman, S., Moise, T., Anttila, T., Mentel, T. F., and Rudich, Y.: Cloud condensation nuclei properties of model and atmospheric HULIS, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 2465–2482, 2006.; Dinar, E., Riziq, A. A., Spindler, C., Erlick, C., Kiss, G., and Rudich, Y.: The complex refractive index of atmospheric and model humic-like substances (HULIS) retrieved by a cavity ring down aerosol spectrometer (CRD-AS), Faraday Discuss., 137, 279–295, 2008.; Duarte, R., Pio, C. A., and Duarte, A. C.: Spectroscopic study of the water-soluble organic matter isolated from atmospheric aerosols collected under different atmospheric conditions, Anal. Chim. Acta, 530, 7–14, 2005.; Facchini, M. C., Mircea, M., F

 

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