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Plos One : to Perceive or Not Perceive ; the Role of Gamma-band Activity in Signaling Object Percepts, Volume 8

By Ward, Lawrence, M.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003968754
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : to Perceive or Not Perceive ; the Role of Gamma-band Activity in Signaling Object Percepts, Volume 8  
Author: Ward, Lawrence, M.
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Ward, L. M. (n.d.). Plos One : to Perceive or Not Perceive ; the Role of Gamma-band Activity in Signaling Object Percepts, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://www.nationalpubliclibrary.info/


Description
Description : The relation of gamma-band synchrony to holistic perception in which concerns the effects of sensory processing, high level perceptual gestalt formation, motor planning and response is still controversial. To provide a more direct link to emergent perceptual states we have used holistic EEG/ERP paradigms where the moment of perceptual ‘‘discovery’’ of a global pattern was variable. Using a rapid visual presentation of short-lived Mooney objects we found an increase of gamma-band activity locked to perceptual events. Additional experiments using dynamic Mooney stimuli showed that gamma activity increases well before the report of an emergent holistic percept. To confirm these findings in a data driven manner we have further used a support vector machine classification approach to distinguish between perceptual vs. non perceptual states, based on time-frequency features. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were all above 95%. Modulations in the 30–75 Hz range were larger for perception states. Interestingly, phase synchrony was larger for perception states for high frequency bands. By focusing on global gestalt mechanisms instead of local processing we conclude that gamma-band activity and synchrony provide a signature of holistic perceptual states of variable onset, which are separable from sensory and motor processing.

 

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