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Plos Computational Biology : Convergent Transmission of Rnai Guide-target Mismatch Information Across Argonaute Internal Allosteric Network, Volume 8

By Joseph, Thomas T.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003941125
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos Computational Biology : Convergent Transmission of Rnai Guide-target Mismatch Information Across Argonaute Internal Allosteric Network, Volume 8  
Author: Joseph, Thomas T.
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Computational Biology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), PLoS Computational Biology
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Joseph, T. T. (n.d.). Plos Computational Biology : Convergent Transmission of Rnai Guide-target Mismatch Information Across Argonaute Internal Allosteric Network, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://www.nationalpubliclibrary.info/


Description
Description : In RNA interference, a guide strand derived from a short dsRNA such as a microRNA (miRNA) is loaded into Argonaute, the central protein in the RNA Induced Silencing Complex (RISC) that silences messenger RNAs on a sequence-specific basis. The positions of any mismatched base pairs in an miRNA determine which Argonaute subtype is used. Subsequently, the Argonaute-guide complex binds and silences complementary target mRNAs: certain Argonautes cleave the target. Mismatches between guide strand and the target mRNA decrease cleavage efficiency. Thus, loading and silencing both require that signals about the presence of a mismatched base pair are communicated from the mismatch site to effector sites. These effector sites include the active site, to prevent target cleavage: the binding groove, to modify nucleic acid binding affinity: and surface allosteric sites, to control recruitment of additional proteins to form the RISC. To examine how such signals may be propagated, we analyzed the network of internal allosteric pathways in Argonaute exhibited through correlations of residue-residue interactions. The emerging network can be described as a set of pathways emanating from the core of the protein near the active site, distributed into the bulk of the protein, and converging upon a distributed cluster of surface residues. Nucleotides in the guide strand ‘‘seed region’’ have a stronger relationship with the protein than other nucleotides, concordant with their importance in sequence selectivity. Finally, any of several seed region guide-target mismatches cause certain Argonaute residues to have modified correlations with the rest of the protein. This arises from the aggregation of relatively small interaction correlation changes distributed across a large subset of residues. These residues are in effector sites : the active site, binding groove, and surface, implying that direct functional consequences of guidetarget mismatches are mediated through the cumulative effects of a large number of internal allosteric pathways

 

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