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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 782: Monitoring and Evaluation of Oral Health

By M. J. Behbehani

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Book Id: WPLBN0000210788
Format Type: PDF eBook
File Size: 2.6 MB
Reproduction Date: 2005

Title: World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 782: Monitoring and Evaluation of Oral Health  
Author: M. J. Behbehani
Volume:
Language: English
Subject: Health., Public health, Wellness programs
Collections: Medical Library Collection, World Health Collection
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: World Health Organization

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Behbehani, M. J. (n.d.). World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 782. Retrieved from http://www.nationalpubliclibrary.info/


Description
Medical Reference Publication

Excerpt
INTRODUCTION The WHO Expert Committee on Monitoring and Evaluation of Oral Health met at the Intercountry Centre for Oral Health (ICOH) in Chiang Mai, Thailand, from 8 to 14 December 1987. In reviewing the WHO Oral Health Programme, the Expert Committee noted its logic, breadth and innovatory approach, as well as its efforts to adapt to new situations and needs. The early emphasis of the Programme was on epidemiological methods and surveys, and on the development of the Global Oral Data Bank which served to indicate the direction in which the programme should go. Subsequent programme areas-measurable goals, databased planning, recruitment and training of appropriate personnel, health services research, alternative systems of oral care delivery and specification of care settings-have responded to the challenges identified and have had a widespread effect in improving oral health and care. They have also led to the present emphasis on healthy lifestyles and quality of care and to a partnership with the International Dental Federation (FDI), thereby involving the whole dental profession in this broad range of initiatives. The need for a monitoring and evaluation system for oral health has long been recognized, and the WHO Oral Health Programme has made many efforts to provide such a system to complete its range of activities. It was therefore the task of this Expert Committee to identify the essential elements of monitoring and evaluation and to provide clear guidance for the development of detailed procedures, on which all Member States can draw in establishing satisfactory systems. In defining methodology for the management of an oral health system, based on the primary health care approach, the Expert Committee deemed it essential that any management system include capacity for:

Table of Contents
CONTENTS Page Introduction ...................................................................................................... 5 1 . An essential oral health care model ............................................................. 6 1.1. Structure ............................................................................................... 6 1.2 Process ................................................................................................... 7 1.3 Outcome ................................................................................................. 7 1.4 The underlying evaluation model .......................................................... 8 1.5 The WHO essential oral health care model ........................................... 9 1.6 Description of the model ....................................................................... 9 2 . Oral health care information management .................................................. 14 2.1 Types and uses of data: and methods of collection .............................. 18 2.2 Levels of reporting oral health care data .............................................. 19 2.3 Uses of information on oral health care ............................................... 20 2.4 Linkages between oral and general health records ................................ 22 2.5 Strategy to ensure regular and accurate collection of essential information .................................................................................................... 23 3 . Monitoring and management for special groups ......................................... 24 3.1 Groups at high risk of severe common oral diseases ............................ 25 3.2 Groups experiencing uncommon but disabling oral diseases ................ 27 3.3 Handicapped and underprivileged groups ............................................. 28 3.4 Individuals with infectious diseases ....................................................... 30 4 . Monitoring the cost and quality of oral health care .................................... 30 4.1 Operational management ....................................................................... 32 4.2 Financing community operations .......................................................... 33 4.3 Monitoring of quality ............................................................................ 35 4.4 Economic perspectives of integrating oral health care into a primary health care system ................................................................................ 37 5 . Monitoring oral health programmes .......................................................... 38 5.1 General and oral health conditions ....................................................... 38 5.2 Services ................................................................................................... 41 5.3 Resources ............................................................................................. 44 5.4 Scientific research data ...................... .. ................................................ 45 5.5 Oral clinical data and information management ................................... 46 5.6 Community care model for oral health . Chiang Mai . Thailand ........... 46 6. Health systems research needs for oral health ............................................. 49 6.1 Research to improve the oral health care system .................................. 56 6.2 Research to improve management for primary oral health care ........... 56 7 . Recommendations and conclusions .............................................................. 58 Acknowledgements ............................................................................................ 61 References ......................................................................................................... 61 Annex 1. Evaluation of oral health programmes ....

 

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