World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dissimulation

Article Id: WHEBN0003633679
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dissimulation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bahá'í/Bábí split, Irony, King Johan, Human behavior, Deception
Collection: Communication, Deception, Human Behavior, Philosophy of Education
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Dissimulation

Dissimulation is a form of deception in which one conceals the truth. It consists of concealing the truth, or in the case of half-truths, concealing parts of the truth, like inconvenient or secret information. Dissimulation differs from simulation, in which one exhibits false information. Dissimulation commonly takes the form of concealing one's ability in order to gain the element of surprise over an opponent.

Francis Bacon has the following to say on the distinction between simulation and dissimulation, "Dissimulation, in the negative; when a man lets fall signs and arguments, that he is not, that he is... Simulation, in the affirmative; when a man industriously and expressly feigns and pretends to be, that he is not." The essay from which this comes can be found here.

Examples

  • In software development, dissimulation is the logical converse of simulation. In this context dissimulation is a worthwhile cryptographic tool for protection against a differential attack, implemented by having semantically equivalent executions look different. This goal is to prevent automated tools from detecting and distinguishing any meaningful differences between such executions.
  • Pool hustling is a form of dissimulation, because the hustler conceals his real talent. It is sometimes considered a form of simulation because every hustle conveys false information about the hustler's abilities but this is incorrect. A hustler gives the false appearance that he isn't something. Simulation would be giving the false appearance that you are something. A hustler is a 'dissimulator'. An equivalent 'simulator' would be a man pretending (by his confident movements and his bragging) that he was excellent at pool, when in fact he was terrible (he can't make a single shot).
  • In the animal kingdom a predator giving the impression that it is harmless is an example of dissimulation, such as the leaf fish. An animal that is typically prey giving the impression that it is dangerous is an example of simulation, such as the frill-necked lizard.

See also

References

  • Of Simulation and Dissimulation An essay by Francis Bacon on the subject.
  • Dissimulation and hypocrisy from The Summa Theologica of St. Thomas Aquinas. Note, however, that the Latin original concerns "simulatio," which is different from "dissimulatio." ST II.II.110.3ad4 mentions dissimulation properly speaking.
  • Letters to his Son by Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield. Lord Chesterfield is an advocate of dissimulation and in these letters to his son often he explains what dissimulation is and contrasts it with simulation, see for example LETTER LXXI LONDON, May 22, O. S. 1749.
  • Al-Taqiyya/Dissimulation, from Al-Islam.Org
  • Perspectives on truthfulness in the Jewish tradition
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from National Public Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.