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George Syncellus

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George Syncellus

George Syncellus ([1]

As one of several syncelloi (by the end of the 8th century, there were at least two, and probably more) George stood high in the ecclesiastical establishment of Constantinople. The position carried no defined duties, but the incumbent would generally serve as the patriarch's private secretary, and might also be used by the Emperor to limit the movements and actions of a troublesome patriarch (as was the case during the reign of Chronicle of Theophanes[2] The date of his death is uncertain; a reference in his chronicle makes clear that he was still alive in 810, and he is sometimes described as dying in 811, but there is no evidence for this, and textual evidence in the Chronicle of Theophanes suggests that he was still alive in 813.[3]

His Dexippus and Sextus Julius Africanus.

George's chronicle was continued after his death by his friend

  • Selected Translations from George Syncellus
  • Review of Adler and Tuffin's edition
  • Article from the Catholic Encyclopedia
  • Greek Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Graeca with analytical indexes

External links

  • Editio princeps by Jacques Goar (1652) in Bonn Corpus scriptorum hist. Byz., by Karl Wilhelm Dindorf (1829).
  • Heinrich Gelzer, Sextus Julius Africanus, ii. I (1885).
  • H Gelzer. Sextus Julius Africanus und die byzantinische Chronographie. New York: B. Franklin, 1967, reprint of Leipzig: 1898.
  • K Krumbacher, Geschichte der byzantinische Litteratur (2nd ed., Munich, 1897).
  • Mango and Scott, The Chronicle of Theophanes the Confessor
  • William Adler. Time immemorial: archaic history and its sources in Christian chronography from Julius Africanus to George Syncellus. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, c1989.
  • Alden A. Mosshammer, ed., Georgii Syncelli Ecloga chronographica. Leipzig: Teubner, 1984.
  • William Adler, Paul Tuffin, translators. The chronography of George Synkellos: a Byzantine chronicle of universal history from the creation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.


  1. ^ Mango and Scott, The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor
  2. ^ Mango and Scott, The Chronicle of Theophanes. Mango and Scott note that the attitude of Theophanes' Chronicle is likely to be due to Syncellus rather than Theophanes; the Life of Theophanes by Patriarch Methodius is excessively favourable to Nicephorus, "a tactless tribute if Theophanes was known to hold Nikephoros in such deep detestation."
  3. ^ Mango and Scott, The Chronicle of Theophanes the Confessor
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